Environmental Management Programmes
An Environmental Management Plan (EMP) can be defined as “an environmental management tool used to ensure that undue or reasonably avoidable adverse impacts of the construction, operation and decommissioning of a project are prevented; and that the positive benefits of the projects are enhanced”.
Environmental management is a deliberate, multi-disciplinary process, which requires careful preparation and planning. Information on natural and human activities, processes and systems must be gathered, plans and procedures decided upon, documents drawn up and systems implemented.
EMPs are therefore important tools for ensuring that the management actions arising from
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) processes are clearly defined and implemented through all phases of the project life-cycle.
Although formal environmental management systems (such as ISO 14001) are desirable, for most smaller businesses a simple environmental management system is all that is needed and, in most cases, it can be linked to the existing operational management systems.
Planning for the implementation of environmental management needs to be undertaken and it should be carried out in a participative manner to ensure that all stakeholders and interested and affected parties who will be subject to it, will understand its purpose and the manner and form in which it is to be applied